- Monday Aft - July 29, 2019

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Field strength:  Mean: 1338 MP  Geomean: 991 MP
(based on 36 players)
★ ★ ★  Masterpoint Winners  ★ ★ ★
Partnership Pct Rank MP
Joan Little - Steven Little 62.27 1st A 0.90
Betty Prunty - Suzanne Klein 59.49 1st A 0.90
Konny Murray - Xiaoxu Ning 58.80 2nd A 0.63
Sarah Stern - Trulee Ricketts 56.25 3rd A 0.45
Joanne Wicker - Vinny Mcloughlin 55.56 2nd A 0.63
Fred Quadros - Scott Hanham 55.32 3rd A 0.45
Brad Dow - Leonard Chriss 54.86 4th A 0.32
Lauren Upson - Ron Coffee 50.93 4th A 0.32
EVENT>Monday Afternoon Pairs   |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> B N-S
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
DATE>July 29, 2019      |CLUB NO.>217133    | 07/29/2019 15:53
---------------------,-- ------------------- -------------,---------------------
DIR> Larry Slayton   |RATING>Club Masterpoint (100%, 80%, 80% Open)|MOVEMENT>MITCHELL
------------,-------- ,-------------------------,--------- ---------------------
AVE>  108.0 |TOP>   8 |MP LIMITS>None/1250/500  |CLUB>Monday Duplicate Pairs
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=9/B=6/C=4                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Mary Block             Jeff Weed                C    .     .     .     71.50  33.10
 2 Thomas Eby             Ewan Eby                 B    .     .     .    102.00  47.22
 3 Sam Dodson             Helen Rubin              A    .     .     .     86.50  40.05
 4 Gerard Kapolka         Mits Tatsugawa           A    .     .     .    108.50  50.23
 5 Brad Dow               Leonard Chriss           B    4     .     .    118.50  54.86  0.32(A)
 6 Trulee Ricketts        Sarah Stern              A    3     .     .    121.50  56.25  0.45(A)
 7 Joan Little            Steven Little            C    1     1     1    134.50  62.27  0.90(A)
 8 Xiaoxu Ning            Konny Murray             C    2     2     2    127.00  58.80  0.63(A)
 9 Judith Ritchie         Marion Keyworth          C    .     .     .    102.00  47.22
                                          Totals                         972.00

EVENT>Monday Afternoon Pairs   |SESSION>Monday Aft   |SECTION> B E-W
------------------------,------ ------------,-------- --------------------------
AVE>  108.0 |TOP>   8 |MP LIMITS>None/1250/500  |CLUB>Monday Duplicate Pairs
------------ --------- ------------------------- -------------------------------
PAIRS IN STRAT A=9/B=5/C=3                       ,---,-------------------------,------,---------,
-------------------------------------------------|   |           Section       |      |Section  |
No Name                   Name                   |Flt|Rnk-A|Rnk-B|Rnk-C| Score | Pct  |Awards   |
------------------------------------------------- --- ----- ----- ----- ------- ------ ---------
 1 Scott Hanham           Fred Quadros             B    3     2     .    119.50  55.32  0.45(A)
 2 Lauren Upson           Ron Coffee               A    4     .     .    110.00  50.93  0.32(A)
 3 Nancy Borucki          Judy Lesieutre           A    .     .     .    107.00  49.54
 4 Kurt Schnebele         Arlene Seckel            B    .     .     .     98.00  45.37
 5 Betty Prunty           Suzanne Klein            C    1     1     1    128.50  59.49  0.90(A)
 6 Ray Boehne             Betty Jackson            A    .     .     .    108.00  50.00
 7 Vinny Mcloughlin       Joanne Wicker            A    2     .     .    120.00  55.56  0.63(A)
 8 Barbara Deasy          Bee Melendez             C    .     .     .     82.50  38.19
 9 Marcia Phelps          Jim Lauderdale           C    .     .     .     98.50  45.60
                                          Totals                         972.00

Hands and Results
1 ♠54
A73
KQ6542
♣J2
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠AK
Q9
983
♣AT9874
♠T98762
T52
AT
♣65
♠QJ3
KJ864
J7
♣KQ3
10
134
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 3 3NT  ♣6 ♠5
EW: 1♣ 1♠  ♦4 ♥4 NT4
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: +400 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  430          8.00   0.00  3N S +1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  140          6.50   1.50  3 S      B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  140          6.50   1.50  3 S      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  110          5.00   3.00  3 N      B8-Ning-Murray vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
   50          4.00   4.00  2♠ E -1   B7-Little-Little vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
         50    2.50   5.50  3 S -1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
         50    2.50   5.50  4 N -1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        100    0.50   7.50  4 S -2   B1-Block-Weed vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        100    0.50   7.50  4 S -2   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B5-Prunty-Klein

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North has a reasonable first seat 2 opener. South, who can certainly tolerate diamonds, might try 2--just in cast partner has hearts with her. All West can do is bid 3, if anything. In any case, North is delighted to raise hearts. It's more likely that West has the Q is he has bid (he has to have points somewhere), but missing the Q and 10, there's no point in finessing: bang down the A and K and be rewarded this time.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 2PassPass
3All pass  

Lynn Berg typically provides analysis for 299ers on boards 1-18. Additionally, analysis for more advanced players is available for boards 1-2, 4-5, 7, 10, 12, 14, and 22.

The Bidding: North's hand falls short of the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. Opening a Weak Two Diamonds seems best. East has nothing to say. South's hand falls short of the Rule of 17 . Such rules are a poor substitute for judgment. Here, South has little reason to look for game. The question is whether to attempt to improve the contract. South expects an 8-card diamond fit. Some partnerships play a 2 response as non-forcing. If an 8-card heart fit is available, South would prefer playing 2. Looking for a heart fit could easily get the partnership too high. South isn't eager to defend 2, but the opponents have not found a potential spade fit. Passing seems best.

In his "Bidding Over Preempts" article, Roger Lee advises "When one of us has shortness, it pays to bid if it's reasonable." Here, East's failure to act over 2 is a warning. In IMPs scoring or a money game, the risk of overcalling 3 outweighs the potential reward. In Matchpoints , a small score difference can swing a lot of Matchpoints. Roger Lee goes on to say "One of my tenets of bidding over preempts (or in any situation) is that if you don't want to defend the current contract, try to bid." West isn't eager to defend 2. Competing to 3 is aggressive, but not unreasonable.

North-South are not positioned to penalize 3. The Law of Total Tricks advises against competing to 3. West's 3 overcall is likely to buy the contract.

The Play in Clubs: A club lead prevents declarer from navigating a ruff and holds declarer to 7 tricks. North, lacking a side suit singleton, is almost certain to lead the King, top of an honor sequence. Now declarer has the tempo to navigate a ruff and escape with 8 tricks.

The Play in Diamonds: East may lead a club, hoping to navigate a club ruff. When West wins the Ace, they must decide whether to attempt to navigate a spade ruff. West knows the 6 lead isn't 3rd or 4th best. So it must be a singleton or top of a doubleton. West places declarer with 2 or 3 clubs. Assuming declarer has 6 diamonds, declarer has 4 or 5 cards in the majors. It doesn't seem urgent to cash the spades. Returning the 10 as a Suit Preference signal seems best. Declarer wins their Jack and leads a diamond towards the board. East wants to ruff with their 10. So they rise with their Ace. East exits a spade as requested.

East leads the 10 to double finesse dummy's Queen-Jack. Dummy splits their honors. Which honor should West play? West knows East and declarer are out of clubs. Declarer likely has KQxxx remaining. If so, declarer can ruff high and draw trump. If declarer is 2-3-6-2 with the Ace, there is risk West's 2nd spade winner may disappear on a heart winner. On the other hand, declarer may misguess the hearts. If declarer places West with the Ace-King, they may duck a round of spades, leaving the Queen as a winner. West's Suit Preference signal suggests West holds Ace. So playing it now may convince declarer to take a lobbing finesse towards the Queen. False cards are less effective if they are not played in tempo. When dummy tables after the opening lead, West should take time to plan even if declarer is not considerate enough to pause after the opening lead. Here, playing the Ace on the initial spade switch and returning a club is reasonable. Declarer may well go wrong. If West cashes out declarer scores 9 tricks. If West exits a club, declarer takes 8, 9, or 10 tricks depending on how well they guess.



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2 ♠T8
T7
AQJ943
♣963
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠J4
KQ43
KT85
♣J72
♠AK973
J6
7
♣AKQ54
♠Q652
A9852
62
♣T8
7
1017
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3 ♦6 ♥5 ♠3 NT4
EW: 4♣ 1 2 4♠ 3NT
LoTT: 16 - 16 = 0
Par: -420 4♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          8.00   0.00  3N W -2   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
        420    6.50   1.50  4♠ E      B2-Eby-Eby vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        420    6.50   1.50  4♠ E      B8-Ning-Murray vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
        430    3.00   5.00  3N W +1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        430    3.00   5.00  3N W +1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        430    3.00   5.00  3N W +1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        430    3.00   5.00  3N W +1   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        430    3.00   5.00  3N W +1   B7-Little-Little vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        460    0.00   8.00  3N W +2   B1-Block-Weed vs B1-Hanham-Quadros

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

With his excellent red honors and black Jacks, West responds 1NT to 1 and then 2NT to 2. East should finish the story of the hand's pattern with 3. Now West has to decide: 3NT? 3? 4? I'm guessing 3NT will be popular.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  1Pass
1NT231Pass
3NTAll pass  
  1. natural, extra values

The Bidding: After East opens 1, South has nothing to say. West responds 1NT. North has a choice between passing, overcalling 2, and preempting 3. Overcalling 2 or 3 is lead directional. North is a bit light for a 2 overcall. Since South is a passed, an undisciplined overcall is an option. At unfavorable vulnerability, a 6-card preempt is quite risky. Passing is reasonable. Leads can swing a lot of Matchpoints . Risking a 2 overcall seems best.

At tables where North passes, East isn't eager to force to game, If a fit isn't available, forcing to game could be a disaster. East's 2 rebid is wide ranging. East could have a minimum opener or could be just short of a jump shift. If playing 1NT Forcing, West doesn't know whether East has a real club suit. Since East could have a big hand, West must take action over 2. West has stoppers in the red suits, but is a bit light an invitational 2NT rebid. Rebidding 2 seems best. East's 3 rebid is a natural Game Try . West has the values to accept the Game Try. West needs to choose the best strain. 3NT, if viable, is typically the preference at Matchpoints. One of Hamman's Rules is "If a number of bids are available and one of them is three no-trump, that's the bid." With the red suits well stopped, West places the contract at 3NT.

At tables where North overcalls 2, would a 3 bid by East be ambiguous in your partnership? Without good agreements, East might have their actual hand or a competitive hand like AKxxx xx x KQxxx for their 3 bid. It isn't legal for West to use East's tempo to differentiate strong hands from competitive hands. Partnerships wishing to avoid guessing are advised to play Good Bad 2NT . An artificial 2NT bid is used as a switch to differentiate strong hands from competitive hands. With that agreement, East's 3 bid is natural and shows extra values. West places the contract in 3NT.

The Play: North's standard lead is the Queen, top of an interior sequence. South discourages. If North has 7 diamonds, it would be safe for West to take their King. If North has 6 diamonds, taking the King is risky. A Hold Up isn't necessary if South doesn't have an entry. Even if North overcalled 2, that isn't a safe assumption. Holding up seems best. Based on the auction and South's discouraging signal, the most South can hold in diamonds is Ten-deuce. It isn't safe for North to continue diamonds. South is marked with 4 or more spades. So a spade switch is reasonable. Declarer, wanting to keep the Dangerous Opponent off lead, rises with the Ace (or King). Declarer has the Jack as an entry. Blocking hearts isn't a concern. Declarer calls for a low heart from dummy. South may rise with the Ace and shift to a diamond. The defense scores 4 tricks, but declarer has the rest. If South ducks the Ace, declarer continues hearts and the situation is the same.



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3 ♠T32
AK3
AJ63
♣AJ2
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠AK9
QT98654
Q74
♣-
♠QJ85
72
KT98
♣983
♠764
J
52
♣KQT7654
17
116
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 3NT  ♦5 ♥3 ♠5
EW: 1 4 2♠  ♣3 NT3
LoTT: 20 - 19 = +1
Par: -100 4NT*-NS/5♣*-NS-1
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  430          7.00   1.00  3N N +1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  430          7.00   1.00  3N N +1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
  430          7.00   1.00  3N N +1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
         50    4.00   4.00  5♣ S -1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
         50    4.00   4.00  5♣ S -1   B7-Little-Little vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
         50    4.00   4.00  5♣ S -1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
        140    1.50   6.50  3 W      B1-Block-Weed vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        140    1.50   6.50  3 W      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        790    0.00   8.00  4* W     B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B5-Prunty-Klein

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North would certainly open 1NT if he got to start the bidding, but not this time! South is unlikely to resist 3. Now will West bid those hearts? Dangerous, but so tempting even on this vulnerability. And now North has to decide: 3NT (no spade stopper), 4 or even a penalty double. All that club length would make me reluctant to double.



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4 ♠95
Q73
KQJ862
♣75
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠J76
952
A75
♣K832
♠AQ43
T864
4
♣AJT4
♠KT82
AKJ
T93
♣Q96
8
811
13
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3  ♣4 ♥5 ♠5 NT6
EW: 2♣ 1 2♠  ♦4 NT6
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: +110 3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  400          7.50   0.50  2N W -4   B7-Little-Little vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  400          7.50   0.50  2♠ W -4   B1-Block-Weed vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
  110          5.50   2.50  3 N      B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  110          5.50   2.50  2 N +1   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        100    3.50   4.50  1N S -1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
        100    3.50   4.50  3 N -1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
        200    1.50   6.50  3N S -2   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        200    1.50   6.50  2N S -2   B2-Eby-Eby vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        300    0.00   8.00  3N S -3   B8-Ning-Murray vs B5-Prunty-Klein

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 2. East has the shape but not the points to enter the auction. South has little reason to hope for game anywhere and passes, though he would certainly be justified in bidding 3. East has to guess what to lead--it might even be a heart because the two suits with Aces seem so dangerous to break.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
Pass2Dbl2NT
3PassPass3
All pass   

The Bidding: As Andrew Gumperz discusses in his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, a 2nd seat preempt should be disciplined because dealer's pass decreases the likelihood East-West have a game. Here, North Weak Two Diamonds preempt is very descriptive. East Doubles for Takeout with 14 Support Points and ideal shape. South has moderate game interest. Agreements over a takeout double vary. Typically, either a redouble or a 2NT bid is used as a Game Try . South uses the partnership agreement to invite game. West shows some values with a natural advance to 3. South's Game Try forces their partnership to 3. North has good diamonds, but isn't willing to accept the Game Try with just a Queen in the side suits. North has a choice between passing and bidding 3. It is common to play bidding 3 immediately as the weakest action. With that agreement, North's pass show a better than minimum weak 2 bid which isn't willing to accept the Game Try. South doesn't expect 3NT or 5 to make. South's 3 bid ends the auction.

The Play in 3: Declarer has 8 winners after knocking out the Ace. A lobbing finesse towards the King provides declarer's 9th trick.

The Play in Clubs: North's standard lead is the King, top of an honor sequence. Declarer wins the Ace. Declarer has a 2 way finesse against the Queen. The Vacant Spaces principle suggests finessing against South. The defense will tap declarer in diamonds to promote South's trumps. So South will score a club trick. The defense has 3 quick heart winners. South's King should provide the defense's 5th trick. Declarer expects the King to be offside. So declarer may try to engineer an end play. If declarer plays for a 3-3 hearts break, they can establish dummy's long heart. Now a club end play forces South to lead a away from their King, allowing declarer to score 9 tricks. To break up the end play, North must win the 3rd round of hearts with their Queen and lead a spade through dummy.



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5 ♠JT5
964
73
♣K7532
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠KQ8432
QJ8
52
♣A8
♠6
AKT732
AQJ96
♣4
♠A97
5
KT84
♣QJT96
4
1214
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣  ♦3 ♥1 ♠3 NT2
EW: 4 6/5 3♠ 2NT  ♣5
LoTT: 20 - 19 = +1
Par: -980 6-E
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          8.00   0.00  6 E -3   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
  100          7.00   1.00  6 E -2   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
   50          6.00   2.00  5 E -1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        420    5.00   3.00  4 E      B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        450    3.00   5.00  5 E      B7-Little-Little vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        450    3.00   5.00  4 E +1   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        450    3.00   5.00  4 E +1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        480    1.00   7.00  4 W +2   B1-Block-Weed vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        980    0.00   8.00  6 W      B8-Ning-Murray vs B5-Prunty-Klein

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

However West shows his limit raise in hearts, South will start thinking of slam. He checks doe Aces and stops in 6, a contract which can't be beaten--there's just the diamond finesse to take. The order of play matters here. If South starts with the A, all declarer's problems are solved, but what if it's the Q: Win, ruff a club and lead a spade. South won't resist now, and you have the entries to set up the spades if needed.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
 Pass1Dbl
2NT1Pass3Pass
4Pass4NTPass
52Pass5All pass
  1. artificial, invitational or better heart raise
  2. 1 or 4 key cards

The Bidding: After East opens 1, South Doubles for Takeout . When Defending a Takeout Double , it is common to use an artificial 2NT response as Jordan , showing a limit heart raise or better. West's priority is to show their heart support. West shouldn't respond 1. North, with 5 Support Points and a balanced hand, has no interest in competing at 3-level.

East's Losing Trick Count of 4 is comparable to a strong 2 opener. Grant Baze advised "6-5 come alive" , saying a 6-5 hand is worth an extra Ace. East has strong slam interest opposite a limit raise. East is interested in learning about the Ace, Queen, King, and Ace. The best way to learn about the King (or diamond shortness) is to begin with a Game Try . In his "Game Tries" article, Steve Robinson shares the advice of many experts. Most prefer Game Tries which ask where help is available rather than reveal where help is needed. Here, the auction is a bit cramped. So Help Suit Game Tries are best. Here, East's 3 bid is a slam try, but West doesn't know that yet. West, doesn't have much help in diamonds, but is too strong to decline the "game try." Bidding 4 to show an opening hand which doesn't have much help in diamonds seems best. With help in diamonds and the willingness to cooperate with a potential slam try, West would cue bid along the way.

East bids 4NT Roman Keycard . Playing 1430 responses, West's 5 response shows 1 or 4 key cards. East knows it is 1. If West has the Queen or 4 hearts, a heart loser is unlikely. Slam would depend on the location of the King. On this auction, the King is likely to be offside. Stopping in 5 seems prudent.

At tables where East doesn't make a Game Try in diamonds, East-West are likely to land in 6 after learning the have the Queen and all but 1 key card.

The Play: South is likely to lead the Queen, top of an honor sequence. This knocks out the Ace entry to dummy. As expected, declarer sees a quick loser and a likely diamond loser. Dummy's spade length provides an unexpected way to potentially avoid a diamond loser. Declarer leads the 6 towards dummy. South expects declarer to have a singleton spade for their spade switch at trick 3. South sees the spades will setup if they take their Ace. Assuming declarer has the AK and a singleton spade, dummy's spades will setup if South ducks. The difference is South will score their Ace if they duck. The 3-3 spade break with the Ace onside and the 3-2 heart break allow declarer to score 12 tricks. By combining chances, declarer avoids the need to finesse against the King.



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6 ♠A83
JT875
AT54
♣5
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠QJT5
6
Q87
♣T9743
♠K42
K32
J93
♣AQJ2
♠976
AQ94
K62
♣K86
9
514
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3 3 1♠ 3NT  ♣5
EW: 2♣  ♦3 ♥3 ♠6 NT4
LoTT: 17 - 18 = -1
Par: +400 3NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  530          8.00   0.00  3* S     B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
  200          6.00   2.00  3♠ E -2   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  200          6.00   2.00  3 N +2   B7-Little-Little vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  200          6.00   2.00  4♣* E -1  B8-Ning-Murray vs B5-Prunty-Klein
  170          3.50   4.50  3 N +1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  170          3.50   4.50  2 N +2   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
  100          2.00   6.00  4♣ E -1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
         50    1.00   7.00  4 N -1   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        110    0.00   8.00  2♣ E +1   B1-Block-Weed vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1, doubled by South. West can justify 1 or a preemptive 3 because of her singleton. Neither will stop North from jumping in hearts. The opening lead will make a big difference in how many tricks South can take. A club lead will create a discard for one of North's spade losers.



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7 ♠7432
A
T74
♣A8752
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠T985
9764
95
♣JT6
♠AJ
QT53
KJ62
♣943
♠KQ6
KJ82
AQ83
♣KQ
8
111
20
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 5 3 5♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣1 ♦2 ♥4 ♠2 NT2
LoTT: 15 - 15 = 0
Par: +650 5♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  690          6.50   1.50  3N S +3   B2-Eby-Eby vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
  690          6.50   1.50  3N S +3   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  690          6.50   1.50  3N S +3   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
  690          6.50   1.50  3N S +3   B7-Little-Little vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  660          3.50   4.50  3N S +2   B1-Block-Weed vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  660          3.50   4.50  3N S +2   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B5-Prunty-Klein
  630          2.00   6.00  3N S +1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
  600          0.50   7.50  3N S      B5-Dow-Chriss vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  600          0.50   7.50  3N S      B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B6-Boehne-Jackson

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South has a good 2NT opener and will end up in 3NT. If North has used Stayman (likely), what will West lead? Maybe the J. In that case, declarer should cash his other club right away so the suit won't block with only the A as an entry. What if West leads a low heart, though, and removes that entry on trick one? Then South should go after the diamonds by leading the 10.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
   2NT
Pass3Pass3
Pass3NTAll pass 

The Bidding: After South opens 2NT, North looks for a spade fit. Jerry Helms advises against using Puppet Stayman Over 2NT because of the difficulty responding with (54) in the majors. Partnerships with good memories who wishing to ask for a 5-card major while well handling responder hand which are (54) in the majors can play Muppet Stayman . Here, North-South do not have an 8-card fit in a major. North places the contract in 3NT.

The Play: In their "Winning Notrump Leads" , David Bird and Taf Anthias advise "When the bidding is 1NT - 2 - 2 (or 2) - 3NT, you know that South holds one major and North holds the other. This makes it inadvisable to lead either major suit." The reasoning is the same on a failed Stayman auction after a 2NT opener. If West follows their advice and leads the Jack, top of an honor sequence, declarer is able to unblock the clubs with the Ace available as an entry to dummy. Now, with clubs breaking 3-3, declarer can score 11 tricks if they finesse against East for the King and end play West to lead a heart, finessing East's Queen. A heart lead severs declarer's communication to dummy's clubs. Most declarer's will go down after a heart lead. A declarer who can see through the backs of the cards will knock out the Ace, cash a high spade and exit a low diamond. This end plays East. East doesn't want give declarer access to the board by leading a club. So East will exit in a red suit. Either way, declarer has a Tenace over East. Declarer can engineer a 2nd end play to score 9 tricks.



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8 ♠K875
T
Q954
♣QJ63
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠QT43
J7
AJT2
♣KT4
♠AJ
AQ85
K87
♣A852
♠962
K96432
63
♣97
8
1118
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣3/2 ♦2 ♥3 ♠3 NT2
EW: 4♣ 4/5 4/3 4♠ 5NT
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: -460 5NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
        400    7.50   0.50  3N E      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        400    7.50   0.50  3N E      B8-Ning-Murray vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        430    3.50   4.50  3N E +1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        430    3.50   4.50  3N E +1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        430    3.50   4.50  3N E +1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        430    3.50   4.50  3N E +1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        430    3.50   4.50  3N E +1   B7-Little-Little vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        430    3.50   4.50  3N E +1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
        460    0.00   8.00  3N E +2   B1-Block-Weed vs B8-Deasy-Melendez

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Just a bit too good for 1NT, East opens 1. West will bid 1 or 1 depending on their style (I prefer the former). East rebids 2NT. Stayman is still available on this auction, but the field will end up in the NT game. Even with no side entries, South will probably lead a heart, especially if there's been no Stayman auctin.



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9 ♠AKT9
972
AT5
♣Q74
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠Q8
KQJ54
73
♣AT53
♠632
A6
KJ984
♣J92
♠J754
T83
Q62
♣K86
13
129
6
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♠  ♣4/5 ♦5 ♥4 NT6
EW: 2♣ 2 3 1NT  ♠6
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: -140 3-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          8.00   0.00  3 E -3   B1-Block-Weed vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  110          6.00   2.00  2♠ S      B2-Eby-Eby vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
  110          6.00   2.00  2♠ S      B7-Little-Little vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  110          6.00   2.00  2♠ S      B8-Ning-Murray vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
         50    3.00   5.00  2♠ S -1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
         50    3.00   5.00  2♠ S -1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
         50    3.00   5.00  2♠ S -1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
         90    1.00   7.00  1N E      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        110    0.00   8.00  2 W      B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B5-Prunty-Klein

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1. If East squeezes out a 1 overcall, South will be loath to bid on this flat 6 HCP. West bids 1 if he can and North is likely to subside. If 1 passes back to South, few will dare to try 1, especially with a suit they don't want led.



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10 ♠T98
876
J65
♣KJT7
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠KJ73
953
K987
♣Q4
♠Q6542
J2
A43
♣A52
♠A
AKQT4
QT2
♣9863
5
911
15
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 3  ♦6 ♠5 NT6
EW: 1 2♠  ♣3 ♥3 NT4
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: +140 3-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          8.00   0.00  4 S      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  170          6.50   1.50  3 S +1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
  170          6.50   1.50  2 S +2   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  100          4.50   3.50  3♠ E -1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
  100          4.50   3.50  3♠ E -1   B7-Little-Little vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        100    3.00   5.00  3 S -1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        110    1.50   6.50  2♠ E      B2-Eby-Eby vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        110    1.50   6.50  2♠ E      B8-Ning-Murray vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        140    0.00   8.00  2♠ E +1   B1-Block-Weed vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

South's 1 passes around to East, who bids 1. South might double now, though her minor suit support isn't great. No matter: West will surely raise spades and North will quit. Vulnerable, South is unlikely to push again. The hand plays well for South if he plays West for the Q.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  Pass1
Pass1NTPass2
Pass2All pass 

The Bidding: East's hand falls short of the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 for a 1st or 2nd seat opener. East's doubleton Jack merits a downgrade as does East's poor texture. The ACBL allows South to open 1NT with a singleton Ace. Since South doesn't have a rebid problem, there is no need to open an offshape 1NT. The main upside of opening 1NT would be obstructing a 1 overcall. That is outweighed by the risk of playing in a 5-1 spade fit at the 2-level. Opening 1 is clear. West has nothing to say. Should North respond with a flat, 5 HCP hand? South expects their partnership to have 17 or more points and an 8-card or better heart fit. A simple raise to 2 could encourage partner to invite game or jump to game. Either may be too high. Passing makes it easy for East-West to find their fit and judge the right level. Some partnerships play Constructive Raises to discourage opener from inviting game. If playing 1NT Semi-Forcing , there is risk of playing 1NT. 1NT could easily go down 2 for -200. This risk makes passing attractive. If playing 1NT Forcing, a 1NT response, intending to correct to hearts seems best.

At tables where North passes 1, East balances 1. As Karen Walker discusses in her "Balancing Over One-Bids" article, East's 1 bid shows "8-13 pts., usually a 5+-card suit (but may be a good 4-card suit at the one-level). The better your suit, the fewer pts. you need to bid." competes by showing their club suit despite its weakness. West doesn't expect a game to be available. So West bids 2. North knows their partnership has a double fit. North isn't willing to allow East-West to play in their fit at the 2-level. North has a choice of competing in clubs or hearts. Normally, in Matchpoints , North wouldn't choose to play in a minor when a major suit fit is available. Here, there is substantial risk South will be tapped in a heart contract. Losing trump control could lead to -200 or worse. The goal is to compete over 2. Competing to 3 seems far safer. The Law of Total Tricks suggests East-West compete to 3. North-South are not eager to penalize or to compete to 4.

At tables where North responds 1NT, East cannot reasonably overcall 2. South shows their club suit. North takes a preference for hearts. Now East-West don't know whether North-South have a fit. So it is difficult to balance. North-South may well buy the contract at 2.

The Play in Clubs: Declarer wins the likely spade lead with the Ace. Declarer wants to draw trump and run their hearts. So declarer finesses against West for the Queen. With the clubs breaking 3-2, the Queen onside, and hearts breaking 3-2, declarer has 10 tricks: 1 + 5 + 3 + a ruff.

The Play in Hearts: The play is similar to clubs, but declarer cannot score an extra trick with a ruff. The defense will attempt to tap declarer in spades, but with club and hearts behaving well, declarer scores 9 tricks: 1 + 5 + 3. The spade lead prevents declarer from developing an additional winner in diamonds.

The Play in Spades: With spades breaking reasonably, declarer has 4 spade winners. Declarer has 3 quick winners in the minors. Declarer's lobbing finesse towards the Queen fails, but declarer can score a club ruff in the short hand for an additional trick. Declarer has 8 tricks: 4 + 2 + 1+ 1 ruff.



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11 ♠J3
J85
A732
♣QJ96
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠AT9
A642
KJ85
♣32
♠Q2
KQ973
94
♣KT74
♠K87654
T
QT6
♣A85
9
1210
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♠  ♣5 ♦4/5 ♥3 NT4
EW: 2♣ 2 4 3NT  ♠6
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -420 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          8.00   0.00  3♣ E -3   B8-Ning-Murray vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  140          7.00   1.00  2♠ S +1   B7-Little-Little vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
         50    6.00   2.00  2♠ S -1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        100    4.50   3.50  4♠ S -2   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        100    4.50   3.50  2♠ S -2   B2-Eby-Eby vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        170    3.00   5.00  3 E +1   B1-Block-Weed vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        200    2.00   6.00  4♠ S -4   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
        420    1.00   7.00  4 E      B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B2-Upson-Coffee
       1100    0.00   8.00  4♠* N -5  B5-Dow-Chriss vs B6-Boehne-Jackson

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1 and then raises East's hearts. East may make a game try, but West reasonably will decline with only 13 support points. It's a friendly hand on this lie of the cards, but imagine if the North and South holdings were reversed. Ugh. Be content with overtricks.



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12 ♠J9864
K743
-
♣9432
Dlr: West
Vul: N-S
♠2
QT9852
Q52
♣AT5
♠AKQ75
6
AK9876
♣8
♠T3
AJ
JT43
♣KQJ76
4
816
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣  ♦2 ♥4 ♠4 NT4
EW: 5 2 2♠ 1NT  ♣5
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: -400 5-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  300          8.00   0.00  5* E -2  B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  100          6.00   2.00  3N E -2   B7-Little-Little vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
  100          6.00   2.00  4 W -2   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  100          6.00   2.00  5* E -1  B8-Ning-Murray vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        100    4.00   4.00  3♣ S -1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        130    3.00   5.00  3 E +1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        140    2.00   6.00  3 W      B1-Block-Weed vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        200    1.00   7.00  4♣* S -1  B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        400    0.00   8.00  5 E      B5-Dow-Chriss vs B6-Boehne-Jackson

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

Even on this vulnerability, West probably won't preempt on such a poor suit. When West shows his 6-5 hand by opening diamonds and bidding spades twice, West will, obviously, prefer diamonds and East will bid the nice game. South leads the Q and East will do well to count her losers and realize that he has two losing spades to dispose of before he draws trump.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
2Pass2Pass
2NTPass3NTAll pass

The Bidding: In his "Better Preempts IV: Preempts by Seat Position (part 1)" article, Andrew Gumperz advises agreeing to preempt aggressively in 1st seat. Here, West has better defense than desired for a preempt. West's heart suit has good texture, but is quite weak. West's spade shortness and the favorable vulnerability make opening a Weak Two Hearts attractive. North has nothing to say. East's response depends on partnership agreements. Some partnerships play a new suit as forcing. Others play it as non-forcing. Some play a new suit at the 2-level as non-forcing and a new suit at the 3-level as forcing. East would like to show their shape, but a 3 response isn't very space efficient. Responding 2 seems best, even if it is non-forcing. Lacking a spade fit, West would normally rebid their heart suit or show a 2nd suit. Here, West has stoppers in the minors. So West rebids 2NT. East expects 3NT to be a favorite. East's 3NT bid ends the auction.

The Play in Notrump: North doesn't want to lead a major. North doesn't have any diamonds. So North will find the killing club lead. Declarer has 7 quick winners. With a reasonable diamond break, declarer would have 10 winners. Here, a club lead gives the defense the tempo to score 6 tricks: 2 + 4.

The Play in Diamonds. South leads the King, top of an honor sequence. Declarer calls for the Ace, crosses to a high spade and ruffs a spade.



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13 ♠Q65
A5
K86
♣KQJT6
Dlr: North
Vul: Both
♠JT43
K94
AQ942
♣3
♠K987
T7
T73
♣9752
♠A2
QJ8632
J5
♣A84
15
103
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 5♣ 4 3NT  ♦5 ♠6/5
EW: 2 1♠  ♣2 ♥2 NT2
LoTT: 19 - 16 = +3
Par: +620 4-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  680          8.00   0.00  4 N +2   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B5-Prunty-Klein
  650          6.00   2.00  4 N +1   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  650          6.00   2.00  4 N +1   B7-Little-Little vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
  650          6.00   2.00  4 N +1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  620          3.00   5.00  4 S      B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  620          3.00   5.00  4 N      B2-Eby-Eby vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  620          3.00   5.00  4 N      B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
  600          1.00   7.00  3N N      B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
  100          0.00   8.00  2♠ E -1   B1-Block-Weed vs B6-Boehne-Jackson

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

North opens 1NT and will play the heart game. Will West double the 2 transfer to indicate that he wants a diamond lead? That will solve East's worries about what to lead. Absent that double, East may decide to lead trump, not wishing to break suits for declarer's benefit (but ya gotta lead something!).



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14 ♠AT4
AK42
AJ632
♣J
Dlr: East
Vul: None
♠QJ6
QJ97
K94
♣K52
♠K875
85
Q85
♣QT74
♠932
T63
T7
♣A9863
17
127
4
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣ 2 2  ♠6 NT6
EW:  ♣6 ♦5 ♥5 ♠5 NT6
LoTT: 14 - 14 = 0
Par: +110 2-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  500          8.00   0.00  4♣* W -3  B2-Eby-Eby vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  150          6.50   1.50  1N W -3   B1-Block-Weed vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
  150          6.50   1.50  3♣ W -3   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  110          4.50   3.50  2 N      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  110          4.50   3.50  2 N +1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B2-Upson-Coffee
   90          3.00   5.00  1 N +1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
         50    1.50   6.50  1N S -1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B5-Prunty-Klein
         50    1.50   6.50  2 N -1   B7-Little-Little vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        100    0.00   8.00  3 N -2   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B1-Hanham-Quadros

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1, making it very easy for North to double. East bids 1, and South is delighted to pass. West bids 1NT and now North doubles again since he has four of each unbid suit and extras. South will reluctantly bid 2 and North must restrain himself from bidding again. He's already shown his hand.



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David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  PassPass
1Dbl1Pass
1NTDblPass2
All pass   

The Bidding: West hand falls short of the Rule of 20 and the Suggestion of 22 , but those guidelines apply to 1st and 2nd seat openers. West's 1 opening conveniently positions North to Double for Takeout . East's 1 responses isn't forcing because East is a passed hand. South has nothing to say. In his "The Race to 1NT" article, Andrew Gumperz discusses why a non-vulnerable 1NT contract tends to score well whether it makes or not. West's 1NT bid wins the race to 1NT.

North shouldn't be eager to defend a non-vulnerable 1NT contract. North is a bit light to double and then bid diamonds. Although, that is better than defending 1NT. A second takeout double seems best. South is less than enthusiastic about their options. South is a too light to convert the double for penalty. Bidding 2 on their 3-card suit seems best. South's 2 bid ends the auction.

The Play in 1NT by West: A diamond lead allows declarer to score 2 diamond tricks, but gives North-South the tempo to score 7 tricks: 1 + 2 + 3 + 1.

The Play in Diamonds by North: Declarer has 4 quick winners in the side suits. Declarer needs either 3 trump tricks and a long heart or 4 trump tricks to make their contract. There is a 35.5% chance hearts will break 3-3. If declarer tries to draw trump, declarer has a 62% chance for 3 trump tricks and a 7% chance for 4 trump tricks. Declarer's chance for 4 trump tricks is increase if the defense breaks trump. Declarer prefers to attempt to score their small trumps by ruffing clubs. Declarer cashes the Ace and ruffs a club. Now declarer cashes their side suit winners and exits passively. The defense will be forced to break trump or allow declarer to ruff. Either way, declarer scores 8 tricks.

The Play in 2 by South: East is likely to lead a club. Declarer wins their Ace and wants to ruff diamonds in the short hand, and potentially establish their diamonds. When the defense is in with a diamond, they will likely tap dummy in spades. When dummy ruffs, West has trump control, but declarer can scramble 8 tricks with ruffs and/or a long diamond.

On a spade lead, declarer will try to ruff diamonds in the short hand and establish their long diamonds. This allows declarer to score 8 tricks as long as they don't bet on a 3-3 heart break.



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15 ♠K98542
AQ
KJ5
♣96
Dlr: South
Vul: N-S
♠AQT73
KJ8
Q7
♣AT5
♠-
T7432
A6432
♣KJ7
♠J6
965
T98
♣Q8432
13
168
3
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣5/6 ♦4 ♥3 ♠5 NT3
EW: 1/2♣ 3 4 1/2♠ 3/4NT
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -430 4NT-W
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          8.00   0.00  2 E -2   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
   50          6.50   1.50  4 E -1   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
   50          6.50   1.50  3 E -1   B7-Little-Little vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
         80    5.00   3.00  1♠ W      B2-Eby-Eby vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
        110    4.00   4.00  2 E      B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        120    3.00   5.00  2N E      B5-Dow-Chriss vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        140    2.00   6.00  2 W +1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        150    1.00   7.00  2N E +1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        400    0.00   8.00  3N E      B1-Block-Weed vs B6-Boehne-Jackson

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

If West makes the popular choice of opening 1NT with this hand, he will be flabbergasted to hear North bids 2 (so will South, but for other reasons). Now what will East do? If he makes a Negative Double , West will pass, converting it to penalties. North's problem will be no entry to the dummy to lead through West. So much will depend on the bidding on this one. Lots of possibilities.



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16 ♠8
32
9873
♣AKJ853
Dlr: West
Vul: E-W
♠AT93
KQJT4
K6
♣T2
♠KQ42
9
AQJT54
♣96
♠J765
A8765
2
♣Q74
8
1312
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣  ♦3 ♥4 ♠3 NT3
EW: 4 2 4♠  ♣5 NT6
LoTT: 18 - 17 = +1
Par: -500 5♣*-NS-3
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          7.50   0.50  4♠ W -1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  100          7.50   0.50  4 W -1   B1-Block-Weed vs B5-Prunty-Klein
         50    6.00   2.00  4♣ N -1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        100    5.00   3.00  4♣ N -2   B8-Ning-Murray vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        130    4.00   4.00  2 E +2   B7-Little-Little vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
        300    3.00   5.00  5♣* N -2  B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        620    1.00   7.00  4♠ W      B2-Eby-Eby vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        620    1.00   7.00  4♠ W      B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        620    1.00   7.00  4♠ E      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B6-Boehne-Jackson

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

West opens 1. North has a good 3 call, which won't deter East, who has plenty for a take-out double. So West will find himself declarer in 4, losing only two clubs and a heart. On this auction, though. am alert South will know his partner is short in the majors and may take a shot at 5, cognizant of the vulnerability.



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17 ♠J9762
K986
J9
♣K2
Dlr: North
Vul: None
♠85
QT53
AK854
♣AT
♠AKT4
J74
QT632
♣8
♠Q3
A2
7
♣QJ976543
8
1310
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣  ♦2 ♥3 ♠5 NT5
EW: 4 4 2♠ 2NT  ♣4
LoTT: 19 - 20 = -1
Par: -300 5♣*-NS-2
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
   50          8.00   0.00  3N W -1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
         50    7.00   1.00  4♣ S -1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        100    6.00   2.00  5♣ S -2   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
        150    4.00   4.00  4 W +1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        150    4.00   4.00  4 W +1   B7-Little-Little vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
        150    4.00   4.00  4 E +1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        400    1.50   6.50  5 W      B1-Block-Weed vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        400    1.50   6.50  5 W      B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        590    0.00   8.00  4* W     B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

How many clubs will South bid in third seat? With his shortness elsewhere, it may be 4--he has no way of knowing that partner is overloaded with major suit length. At least he keeps E-W out of a makeable partial.



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18 ♠Q9876
Q97
Q4
♣AJ3
Dlr: East
Vul: N-S
♠AJ
AT86
7653
♣865
♠KT532
53
A9
♣KQ72
♠4
KJ42
KJT82
♣T94
11
912
8
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2/1 1  ♣5 ♠5 NT6/5
EW: 2♣ 2♠  ♦5 ♥6 NT6
LoTT: 16 - 14 = +2
Par: -110 2♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  670          8.00   0.00  2* N     B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
  100          7.00   1.00  2♠ E -2   B7-Little-Little vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
   50          4.00   4.00  1N W -1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
   50          4.00   4.00  2♠ E -1   B1-Block-Weed vs B5-Prunty-Klein
   50          4.00   4.00  2♠ E -1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
   50          4.00   4.00  2♠ E -1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B2-Upson-Coffee
   50          4.00   4.00  2♠ E -1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        110    0.50   7.50  2♠ E      B2-Eby-Eby vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        110    0.50   7.50  2♠ E      B8-Ning-Murray vs B1-Hanham-Quadros

Lynn Berg Hand Analysis

East opens 1, West bids 1NT and East 2. Now South might double to show the red suits, but it's dangerous since he knows West probably doesn't have spades. If South passes, however, West will take a preference for the major. South leads the J--looking all the better since partner does have one of the high honors.



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19 ♠9732
KT2
AKQ
♣KJ4
Dlr: South
Vul: E-W
♠AKQ5
943
JT5
♣T85
♠8
QJ765
982
♣9632
♠JT64
A8
7643
♣AQ7
16
103
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 3♣ 3 1 4♠ 3NT
EW:  ♣4 ♦3 ♥5 ♠3 NT4
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: +420 4♠-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  590          8.00   0.00  4♠* N     B5-Dow-Chriss vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  430          7.00   1.00  3N N +1   B1-Block-Weed vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
  420          3.50   4.50  4♠ N      B2-Eby-Eby vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
  420          3.50   4.50  4♠ N      B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  420          3.50   4.50  4♠ N      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B5-Prunty-Klein
  420          3.50   4.50  4♠ N      B7-Little-Little vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  420          3.50   4.50  4♠ N      B8-Ning-Murray vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
  420          3.50   4.50  4♠ N      B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B2-Upson-Coffee
         50    0.00   8.00  4♠ S -1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
20 ♠QT743
AQJT
762
♣3
Dlr: West
Vul: Both
♠82
8532
KQ953
♣A5
♠A65
K7
AJ
♣T98642
♠KJ9
964
T84
♣KQJ7
9
912
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣4 ♦4 ♥6 ♠6 NT5
EW: 3♣ 2 1 2NT  ♠6
LoTT: 15 - 16 = -1
Par: -120 2NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  140          8.00   0.00  2♠ N +1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        110    6.00   2.00  2♣ E +1   B1-Block-Weed vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        110    6.00   2.00  2♣ E +1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
        110    6.00   2.00  2♣ E +1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        120    3.00   5.00  2N E      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        120    3.00   5.00  1N E +1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        120    3.00   5.00  1N E +1   B7-Little-Little vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        130    1.00   7.00  4♣ E      B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        200    0.00   8.00  3♠ N -2   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
21 ♠AT
AJ75
AJ
♣QT642
Dlr: North
Vul: N-S
♠Q852
K3
987
♣J983
♠KJ9743
QT9
652
♣7
♠6
8642
KQT43
♣AK5
16
66
12
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 6♣ 6 5 6NT  ♠6
EW: 1♠  ♣1 ♦1 ♥2 NT1
LoTT: 19 - 18 = +1
Par: +1400 7♠*-EW-6
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  690          7.50   0.50  3N N +3   B2-Eby-Eby vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
  690          7.50   0.50  3N N +3   B7-Little-Little vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  650          4.00   4.00  4 N +1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  650          4.00   4.00  4 N +1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
  650          4.00   4.00  4 N +1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  650          4.00   4.00  4 N +1   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B5-Prunty-Klein
  650          4.00   4.00  4 N +1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
  620          1.00   7.00  4 N      B1-Block-Weed vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
  600          0.00   8.00  5♣ S      B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B2-Upson-Coffee
22 ♠AKQ9
AQ95
AT7
♣J3
Dlr: East
Vul: E-W
♠T8632
J432
KQJ5
♣-
♠J4
K76
986432
♣T4
♠75
T8
-
♣AKQ987652
20
74
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 7♣ 3 3♠ 7NT  ♦6
EW: 1  ♣0 ♥2/3 ♠4/3 NT0
LoTT: 20 - 21 = -1
Par: +1520 7NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
 1520          7.50   0.50  7N S      B8-Ning-Murray vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
 1520          7.50   0.50  7N N      B5-Dow-Chriss vs B2-Upson-Coffee
 1440          5.50   2.50  7♣ S      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
 1440          5.50   2.50  7♣ S      B7-Little-Little vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
 1020          4.00   4.00  6N N +1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
  940          2.00   6.00  6♣ S +1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B5-Prunty-Klein
  940          2.00   6.00  6♣ S +1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  940          2.00   6.00  6♣ S +1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
  440          0.00   8.00  5♣ S +2   B1-Block-Weed vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre

David Loeb Hand Analysis
WestNorthEastSouth
  Pass3NT1
Pass7NTAll pass 
  1. shows an unspecified long, running minor with no outside Ace or King

The Bidding: East is too strong preempt. Opening 5 bypasses 3NT. At tables where North-South play a Gambling 3NT , South opens 3NT. Now North can count 13 tricks. North places the contract in 7NT.

If not playing a gambling 3NT, South is too strong to preempt. Opening 1 gives North-South the chance to determine if a notrump contract is viable. West has a choice between passing, overcalling 1, overcalling 1, or doubling. Overcalling 1 has obstructive value. Overcalling 1 is lead directional. Doubling has the upside of getting 3 suits in play. The hand belongs to North-South. So there is not much upside to a constructive auction. Information revealed in the auction may be helpful to North-South. So passing is reasonable. At tables where West passes, North begins by looking for a major suit fit. After North responds 1, a 2 rebid wouldn't do justice to South's trick taking potential. Jumping to 3 overstates South's HCPs, but seems best because it begins to show South's trick taking potential. North sets clubs as trump, asks for key cards. South isn't eager to use a void showing response because North would not have room to ask for the Queen and also learn the location of the void. Showing 2 key cards with the Queen seems best. North asks for Kings. Some partnerships show "Specific Kings" . Some ask for the number of Kings. Either way, North is guaranteeing all the key cards. South's club length allows South to place the contract at 7NT.

At tables where West doubles 1 and East preempts in diamonds or West obstructs with a 1 overcall, the auction is more difficult for North-South.

The Play: Declares has all the tricks.



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23 ♠9
KJ8652
T83
♣975
Dlr: South
Vul: Both
♠AKQ4
73
KQ65
♣J62
♠J8753
A
AJ9
♣QT84
♠T62
QT94
742
♣AK3
4
1512
9
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1  ♣3 ♦2 ♠2 NT3
EW: 4♣ 5 5♠ 4NT  ♥6
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: -650 5♠-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  100          8.00   0.00  6♠ E -1   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        650    3.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        650    3.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        650    3.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        650    3.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   B7-Little-Little vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
        650    3.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
        650    3.50   4.50  4♠ W +1   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        650    3.50   4.50  4♠ E +1   B1-Block-Weed vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        650    3.50   4.50  4♠ E +1   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
24 ♠A632
QT92
63
♣872
Dlr: West
Vul: None
♠Q97
KJ76
KQ874
♣6
♠J85
A5
AJ92
♣Q943
♠KT4
843
T5
♣AKJT5
6
1112
11
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 1♣  ♦3 ♥6 ♠6 NT5
EW: 4 -/1 1/-NT
       ♣6 ♥6/7 ♠5 NT7/6
LoTT: 17 - 17 = 0
Par: -130 4-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  150          8.00   0.00  3N E -3   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
  100          7.00   1.00  2N E -2   B8-Ning-Murray vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
         90    6.00   2.00  1N E      B5-Dow-Chriss vs B2-Upson-Coffee
        110    4.50   3.50  3 W      B7-Little-Little vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
        110    4.50   3.50  3 E      B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
        120    3.00   5.00  1N E +1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        130    2.00   6.00  4 W      B2-Eby-Eby vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        150    1.00   7.00  2N E +1   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        300    0.00   8.00  2♣* S -2  B1-Block-Weed vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
25 ♠K943
J6
Q8
♣QJT96
Dlr: North
Vul: E-W
♠JT6
532
A92
♣7432
♠Q52
AQT
KJ543
♣AK
♠A87
K9874
T76
♣85
9
519
7
Double Dummy Makes
NS:  ♣6 ♦3 ♥5 ♠5 NT4
EW: 1♣ 4 1 1♠ 3NT
LoTT: 16 - 15 = +1
Par: -600 3NT-EW
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  200          8.00   0.00  5 E -2   B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
  110          7.00   1.00  3♣ N      B8-Ning-Murray vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
        100    6.00   2.00  2 S -2   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
        130    3.50   4.50  1 E +3   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
        130    3.50   4.50  1 E +3   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
        130    3.50   4.50  1 E +3   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
        130    3.50   4.50  1 E +3   B7-Little-Little vs B5-Prunty-Klein
        180    1.00   7.00  2N E +2   B2-Eby-Eby vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
        660    0.00   8.00  3N E +2   B1-Block-Weed vs B2-Upson-Coffee
26 ♠Q52
KJT764
AQT4
♣-
Dlr: East
Vul: Both
♠A83
A9
K876
♣AQ54
♠T74
82
J952
♣9872
♠KJ96
Q53
3
♣KJT63
12
171
10
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 2♣ 1/2 5 4♠ 1NT
EW:  ♣5 ♦5 ♥2 ♠3 NT4
LoTT: 16 - 17 = -1
Par: +650 5-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  620          8.00   0.00  4 N      B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
  500          7.00   1.00  2♠ E -5   B7-Little-Little vs B5-Prunty-Klein
  200          4.50   3.50  3 N +2   B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  200          4.50   3.50  3 N +2   B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  200          4.50   3.50  2 N +3   B2-Eby-Eby vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
  200          4.50   3.50  2 N +3   B8-Ning-Murray vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker
  170          1.00   7.00  2 N +2   B1-Block-Weed vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  170          1.00   7.00  2 N +2   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
  170          1.00   7.00  2 N +2   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
27 ♠KJ32
4
KJT
♣AT952
Dlr: South
Vul: None
♠7
QT865
A85
♣KQ63
♠Q98
J9732
962
♣84
♠AT654
AK
Q743
♣J7
12
113
14
Double Dummy Makes
NS: 4♣ 5 5♠ 5NT  ♥6
EW: 1  ♣3 ♦2 ♠2 NT2
LoTT: 18 - 19 = -1
Par: +460 5NT-NS
  N-S   E-W    N-S    E-W   Contract
  450          6.50   1.50  4♠ S +1   B1-Block-Weed vs B2-Upson-Coffee
  450          6.50   1.50  4♠ S +1   B3-Dodson-Rubin vs B6-Boehne-Jackson
  450          6.50   1.50  4♠ S +1   B5-Dow-Chriss vs B1-Hanham-Quadros
  450          6.50   1.50  4♠ S +1   B7-Little-Little vs B5-Prunty-Klein
  420          3.00   5.00  4♠ S      B4-Kapolka-Tatsugawa vs B8-Deasy-Melendez
  420          3.00   5.00  4♠ S      B6-Ricketts-Stern vs B3-Borucki-Lesieutre
  420          3.00   5.00  4 S      B9-Ritchie-Keyworth vs B9-Phelps-Lauderdale
         50    0.50   7.50  5♠ S -1   B2-Eby-Eby vs B4-Schnebele-Seckel
         50    0.50   7.50  5♠ S -1   B8-Ning-Murray vs B7-Mcloughlin-Wicker