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Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 1
North Deals
None Vul
K J
K Q J 10 9 2
A J 9
10 5
10 8 6 5 4
A 6
Q 7 2
A 9 8
N
WE
S
A 7 3 2
4 3
K 6 5 4
Q 6 3
15
10    9
6
Q 9
8 7 5
10 8 3
K J 7 4 2
NTPar
N/S75958+100
E/W68485

North Deals and bids 1 Heart (15 HCP - MINIMUM Hand)

East passes. does NOT have a 10-5-2 Overcall!
( 10 High Card Points, 5 cards in the suit, and 2 of the top 3 Honors [ the AK, AQ, or KQ].

South has 6 HCP (HCP = High Card Points)
Bids 2 Hearts 6-9 HCP and 3 or more Hearts.

West passes. No 10-5-2.

North, with a MINIMUM hand, passes also. (Don't fall in love with your 15 HCP because you do NOT have game. Partner has limited his/her hand to 6-9 High Card Points (HCP). 15 + 9 does NOT = 25!
If partner has only 6 (the case here, your point total is only 15 + 6 = 21!) Not even close to GAME!
---------------------------------------------------------------
NEW LESSON: BALANCING. When the opponents have "found an 8 card FIT - and - QUIT at a low level, the HCP are fairly evenly divided and it's a battle for a Part Score. The lower rectangular chart (it's called "Double Dummy" - the name of the computer program that produced the chart, indicates N/S can make 9 Heart tricks while E/W can make 8 Spade or 8 Diamond tricks)

N/S making 2 Spades is a score of 110, N/S making 3 Spades is a score of 140. E/W gets a Negative score.
If E/W bid and make 2 Spades (as I did on a replay of this hand) E/W gets +110!

Plus 110 is a better score than - 110 or -140.

Lesson: IF the opponents have found an 8 card fit AND quit at a low level, the opponents should BALANCE! If one pair has an 8 card "fit" (8 cards total in their suit), the opponents will have one or two 8 card fits in another suit. The PROBLEM will be to find which suit you have an 8 card fit in.

Don't let them play "HAPPY TWO'S": Like 1 Spade - pass - 2 Spades -Pass - PASS [Balance!]
or Like 1 Heart - pass - 2 Hearts - pass - PASS [Balance!]
----------------------------------------------
This subject will come up more in class and I will remind you again of it!!!!!!!
Copyright 2017 by Alan Hedegard. My Saturday students are authorized to make a copy of this page.


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 2
East Deals
N-S Vul
A 9 5
9 6 3 2
Q 10 3
A 9 8
K 8 3
8 7 4
A 9 8 4
J 10 6
N
WE
S
J 10 6 4 2
A K
K J 2
7 3 2
10
8    12
10
Q 7
Q J 10 5
7 6 5
K Q 5 4
NTPar
N/S5475/46−120
E/W88686

Another close hand. Each side has 20 HCP!

East bids 1 Spade.
South Passes.
West bids 2 Spades
North Passes!
East, with a REAL MINIMUM hand, Passes.
---------------------------------------------------------
"Double Dummy" says E/W can make 8 tricks in Spades for +110 for E/W and a -110 for N/S.

"Balancing" over 2 Spades is tougher because you have to go to the 3 level - AND you are Vul!

Down 1 is a minus 100, down 2 is minus 200!

BUT YOU SHOULD AT LEAST CONSIDER
BALANCING! Being Vul, I might pass.

If the Spades and hearts were reversed and they bid 1 Heart - pass - 2 Hearts - Pass - PASS, I would ALWAYS bid 2 Spades Not Vul and would probably bid 2 Spades even being Vul.

2 Hearts making 2 is 110 for declarer and -110 for the other side.
2 Spades, down 1 is -50 Not Vul and - 100 Vul.

A minus 100 is better than a score of minus 110! - That is Duplicate Bridge.

You will see similar examples in upcoming classes!

Copyright 2017 by Alan Hedegard. My Saturday students are authorized to make a copy of this page.


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 3
South Deals
E-W Vul
A 9 7 4
Q 7 4
7 6 3
10 9 4
5 2
9 3 2
J 10 9 8
A K 6 3
N
WE
S
10 3
J 10 8 6
K 4 2
Q J 8 5
6
8    7
19
K Q J 8 6
A K 5
A Q 5
7 2
NTPar
N/S910877+420
E/W33556

This is an example of the adage of "The one who KNOWS (you have Game) - Goes (to GAME).

South bids 1 Spade.
West passes, not having a 10-5-2 suit to overcall.
North, with 6 HCP and 3 Spades, bids 2 Spades.
East Passes.
South, who knows that 19 + 6 = 25 (Game Points), MUST bid the GAME.

The one who KNOW - GOES!

Copyright 2017 by Alan Hedegard. My Saturday students are authorized to make a copy of this page.


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 4
West Deals
Both Vul
K 6 5 3 2
10
A K 5 2
10 8 5
8 7
A Q J 8 7
J 9 7
K J 9
N
WE
S
J 4
6 5 4 3 2
8 6 4
6 4 2
10
12    1
17
A Q 10 9
K 9
Q 10 3
A Q 7 3
NTPar
N/S8/1111710/1110+660
E/W22623

We didn't get to discuss this hand in the "replay" with me and I don't know how you scored on this hand.
------------------------------------------------------
West opens 1 Heart (12 HCP plus one point for the 5th Spade [a length point])
North with no 10-5-2 suit to overcall, passes.

East, with 1 HCP should ordinarily pass but IF I held that hand and knowing my partner had 5 Hearts and I held 5 hearts, that leaves the "evil opponents" with only 3 Hearts, probably divided 2-1.

We will win only 1 Heart (at most) and any other hearts will be "ruffed" if N/S find their Spade Contract.

If East passes, South should "DOUBLE" which is a "TAKE OUT DOUBLE" - A new bid!

A "Take Out Double" tells partner you have 1. an opening hand in HCP AND you have "shortness in the enemy suit, AND support for every other suit. (At least 3 card support or more in the other major and a BALANCED hand in the other 3 unbid suits.

When your partner makes a take out double, you MUST bid (unless you have enough enemy trumps to set them at a low level of 1 Heart! (VERY RARE). All first "doubles" are for take out and NOT penalty doubles.

When partner makes a "take out double", and you have 10 or more HCP, you bid your longest suit - skipping a level. IF you have less than 10 HCP, you just bid your longest suit at the lowest level you can.

Partner, knowing you have 10 + HCP and 4 or more Spades can go to GAME in Spades because 10 + 17 = GAME points!

N/S can make 11 tricks (Double Dummy says) in Spades!
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
If I was East, I would make a "preemptive" call of 4 Hearts, hoping to convince my Left Hand Opponent
(LHO) to pass. If N/S bid and make 4 Spades then get a score of 620 and E/W get a -620. IF I bid 4 Hearts and keep N/S from finding their Spade Game, my partner can go down 6 tricks for - 600 which is a better score than -620!

This may seem complicated now, but relax, we will cover more examples in the next few weeks.
Copyright 2017 by Alan Hedegard. My Saturday students are authorized to make a copy of this page.


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 5
North Deals
N-S Vul
J 6 3
10 8 5 4
A 8 4
10 9 4
10 7 4 2
K J 7
6 3 2
K 7 6
N
WE
S
A Q 9 8 5
9 3 2
J 9 7
A J
5
7    12
16
K
A Q 6
K Q 10 5
Q 8 5 3 2
NTPar
N/S546/768−140
E/W89655

Another example of a "Take out Double".

North passes.
East bids 1 spade.
South should make a "Take out Double" by Doubling. It (the Double) says, I have opening points and "Shortness" in the enemy suit and at least 3 cards in the other minor and can support any other suit.

West, with 7 HCP plus 1 for the 4th trump (making 9 Spades between East who must have 5 to open 1 Spade.)

Once West bids, North does NOT have to bid because south gets to bid again - if he chooses.

East, with a Minimum hand, passes the 2 Spade call, and south, with 16 HCP (might) double again (a double of a low level contract is almost always NOT for penalty).

Again, notice the HCP are divided 21 N/S and 19 for E/W.

This hand is a "fight" for a Partial score as nobody has game points.

East/West (double Dummy" says can make 9 tricks in Spades while N/S can make 6 or 7 tricks in Hearts or 8 Tricks in Clubs (an 8 card "fit").

E/W making 3 Spades gets a score of +140 and N/S gets a - 140.
N/S biding 3 Clubs, Down 1 gets a Score of - 100 (you are Vul) and E/W get a Score of +100

A score of -100 is a better score than -140! I admit it is "hard" for N/S to "find" their 8 card Club suit!
(But, I told you that already.)

Remember this: IF the opponents have an 8 card "fit" in a suit, you and your partner have an 8 card fit in another suit 90% of the time. You may have trouble determining which suit your 8 card "fit" is in! But I told you that already!
Copyright 2017 by Alan Hedegard. My Saturday students are authorized to make a copy of this page.


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 6
East Deals
E-W Vul
K 8 3
K Q
A Q 7 3
10 6 5 3
J 7 6 5
9 8 3
K J 8
K J 8
N
WE
S
Q 10 9 4
J 10
5 4 2
Q 9 7 4
14
9    5
12
A 2
A 7 6 5 4 2
10 9 6
A 2
NTPar
N/S11711119+460
E/W15114

East deals and passes.
South, whit 12 HCP and 1 additional "playing point" for the 6th Heart, opens with 1 Heart.

West, with no 10-5-2 - passes.

North, without, 3 card support for Hearts B"UT having 14 HCP, can bid a "new suit" at the 2 level.

REMEMBER. I told you that you CAN'T bid a New suit at the 2 level WITHOUT 10+ HCP. Well, this hand qualifies. You bid 2 of one of your minor suits.

East Passes, not having any 10-5-2 suit to bid.

South, can REBID his/her Hearts showing a 6 card suit. You will RARELY rebid a 5 card Major suit.

Once North "knows" that South has 6 Hearts, North knows they have 8 Hearts between them which is called a "Golden Fit" [8 or more cards in the same suit between them].

North can then Bid 4 Hearts. Going to GAME because North knows after South's second bid, they have an 8 card Heart Suit and 25+ HCP which is enough for GAME.

The one who Knows (you have Game) GOES (to Game).

"Double Dummy" indicates N/S can make 11 tricks in No Trump, 11 Tricks in Hearts, and 11 tricks in Diamonds. Most pairs will NOT get to a NT contract and 11 tricks in Hearts, Not Vul, is +450 for N/S and 11 tricks in Diamonds , Not Vul, is +400 for N/S.

Most N/S pairs will play 4 Hearts, losing a Club and a Diamond (since the King of Diamonds is "finessable" by the Declarer - South.
Copyright 2017 by Alan Hedegard. My Saturday students are authorized to make a copy of this page.

If you are "confused" and learning bridge, don't be. We will keep learning and you will be playing bridge this year! I promise!


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 7
South Deals
Both Vul
A 9 7
K 10 7
Q 6 4 2
J 4 2
K 10 8 2
Q 5 2
A 10 7
10 8 3
N
WE
S
Q J 4 3
9 3
K J 9 8 3
A 9
10
9    11
10
6 5
A J 8 6 4
5
K Q 7 6 5
NTPar
N/S4310410+200
E/W69393

South, using the Rule of 20, Opens 1 Heart.
West passes
North bids 3 Hearts (support and 10-11 HCP)
East Passes.

N/S can make 10 tricks in Hearts or Clubs.


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 8
West Deals
None Vul
K 5
K 9 8 7
A 8 7 2
6 3 2
Q J 10 3 2
A Q
J
Q J 8 7 4
N
WE
S
A 9 6
10 4 2
K Q 10 9
10 9 5
10
13    9
8
8 7 4
J 6 5 3
6 5 4 3
A K
NTPar
N/S43744−140
E/W79679

West having 13 HCP, Opens 1 Spade.
North passes.
East, with 9 HCP, bids 2 Spades.
South passes.
West passes (with a minimum hand)


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 9
North Deals
E-W Vul
J 7
A J 8 6 2
K 10 6
A 10 3
K 9 8 5
Q 10 5
Q 8 5
K 5 4
N
WE
S
A Q 10 6
K 9
9 4 3 2
Q 8 6
13
10    11
6
4 3 2
7 4 3
A J 7
J 9 7 2
NTPar
N/S65757−110
E/W77/85/676

North with 13 HCP bids 1 Heart.
East Passes
South bids 2 Hearts.
North Passes.
-------------------------------
"Balancing" When the opponents have found an
8 card "fit" and have Quit at the 2 Level.

The person in the "pass out seat" should consider
(and bid 2 Spades).

E/W have 21 HCP while N/S have 19 HCP.


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 10
East Deals
Both Vul
8 7 6 5
10 9 8
K 3 2
K 5 3
K 9 4
A 4 2
8 7 6
A 8 6 2
N
WE
S
A 10 2
K Q J
A Q 5 4
J 9 7
6
11    17
6
Q J 3
7 6 5 3
J 10 9
Q 10 4
NTPar
N/S34433−630
E/W10991010

This hand is a "review" of a 1 No Trump opener.
E/W have 28 HCP between them. West "knows"
his/her partner has 15-17 HCP.

East with 17 HCP and a BALANCED hand,
opens with 1 NT!

South Passes.

West, with 11 HCP and knowing his side has GAME, bids the GAME! "The one who KNOWS (they
have game), GOES (to Game).


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 11
South Deals
None Vul
K J 5
J
A 10 8 7 3
Q 9 7 5
10 6 2
A 10 8 6 2
J 9 5 4
J
N
WE
S
A 9
9 7 5 4 3
K 6 2
8 6 4
11
6    7
16
Q 8 7 4 3
K Q
Q
A K 10 3 2
NTPar
N/S8105711+420
E/W32852

South bids 1 Spade having 16 HCP and 5 Spades.

West passes.

North bids either 3 Spades (showing 10-11 HCP)
Or
Bids a new suit at the 2 level (showing 10+ HCP) and then bids GAME, increasing his "playing Points" by 3 for his Singleton - AFTER they have found an 8 card Spade "fit".

"Double Dummy" says N/S can take 10 tricks in Spades or 11 Tricks in Clubs.

10 Spade tricks = GAME = 420 points for N/S.
11 Club tricks = GAME = 400 points for N/S.

We almost ALWAYS play a Major instead of a Minor!


Alan Hedegard Basic Bidding Class 102

Board 12
West Deals
N-S Vul
J
K J 10 9
J 9 7 2
A Q 10 4
A Q 9 8 4
8 7 6
K 10 6
K J
N
WE
S
10 7 6 5 3 2
4 3
Q 4
8 5 2
12
13    2
13
K
A Q 5 2
A 8 5 3
9 7 6 3
NTPar
N/S75101010+300
E/W48333

West, with 13 HCP and 5 Spades opens 1 Spade.

New Bid. A "Take Out Double" means you have
opening points and can support ANY OTHER SUIT.
North might pass OR "double" for "TAKEOUT"

East, with 2 HCP and 6 of partners suit, would
bid 4 Spades - hoping to keep South from bidding the GAME they probably have.

Double dummy says N/S can make 10 tricks
in Hearts, Diamonds, or Clubs.

South, (If partner "doubled" would double 4 Spades and 4 Spades by West should go DOWN!


NorthSouthWestEast
Mean HCP10.1711.589.678.58
Balanced Hands871010
Voids0000
Singletons3420
Long Suits (>6)0000